Dr. John Caldwell is Director of Economics at the Edison Electric Institute. He has worked in the electric and gas utility industry for over twenty years, first at the Illinois Power Company (now part of Ameren) as a planning engineer, and then at NiSource, where he was involved in the development of long-term forecast models for energy use and peak demand, the introduction of innovative alternative rate designs, such as negotiated rate, fixed price, and fixed bill products, and the implementation of financial hedging strategies and risk management systems to support these products. Both within NiSource and for its customers, John regularly gave seminars and training presentations on rate design and deregulation. He authored a monthly “Fuel Price Outlook” with commentary and projections on the energy industry on his company’s website, and participated in periodic regional workshops to share his views on the market and future price trends. While at NiSource, John also authored, narrated, and produced a sixteen-part history documentary for a local public radio station entitled “Larger than Life”. At EEI, he and his staff have been examining and reporting on the interrelationship of the economy with energy demand and pricing. He has a B.S. in electrical engineering (University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana), an MBA (University of Illinois, Springfield), an M.S. in mathematics (University of Iowa), and a Ph.D. in economics (University of Illinois, Chicago).